Details Commonly Used Effective Hemostasis

Bleeding is one of the major complication after trauma. Adult bleeding more than 800-1000 ml can cause shock and endanger life. Therefore, hemostasis is an important measure to rescue the bleeding patients, which has special significance for saving the lives of the wounded. 

Six effective ways to stop bleeding:

A, the general hemostatic method: for a small wound bleeding. Need to wash with saline disinfection of the affected area, and then covered with multi-layer sterile gauze bandage bandaged. Note: If the affected area has more hair, should be cut in the handling, shaving the hair.
B, Shiatsu hemostasis: only for head and face and limbs of the arterial bleeding emergency, pay attention to the oppression of time can not be too long.
â–² top of the head hemorrhage: injured in front of the ear, at the front of the mandibular aiming 1.5 cm at the thumb with the superficial temporal artery oppression.
â–² head and neck hemorrhage: four fingers close together in the middle of the medial sternocleidomastoid muscle, the common carotid artery pressure to the cervical spine. Note that both sides of the common carotid artery can not be oppression at the same time, so as to avoid cerebral ischemia and necrosis. Oppression time can not be too long, so as to avoid danger.
â–² upper arm bleeding: one hand raising the limbs, the other hand four fingers aligned upper middle of the brachial artery compression.
â–² palmar hemorrhage: the limb elevation, with two thumbs were oppressed the foot of the wrist, flexible artery.
â–² thigh bleeding: slightly below the groin, with both hands thumb pressure after the femoral artery.
â–² foot hemorrhage: two thumb compression of the dorsal artery and the medial malleolus and the Achilles tendon between the posterior arteriae artery.
C, flexor limb hemostasis: When the forearm or leg bleeding, can be in the cubital fold, knee pad put gauze pads, cotton or towels, clothes and other items, buckling joints, with a triangular scarf for 8-shaped fixed. But fracture or joint dislocation can not be used.
D, rubber tourniquet to stop bleeding: commonly used tourniquet is about three feet long rubber tube. Method is: palms up, one end of the tourniquet hold by the tiger's mouth, one hand taut, around the body 2 laps, two fingers in the food will be the end of the tourniquet sandwiched down along the body forced down, suppress the "remaining head" To avoid slipping. Note the use of tourniquet to pad, do not tie directly on the skin. Relaxation of tourniquet every 45 minutes for 2-3 minutes, slowly when using acupressure instead.
E, tighten the hemostatic law: the triangle folded into a band, hit a live knot, take a small stick to wear the tape outside the tight, the tight after the small stick inserted in the living knot small circle fixed.
F, packing to stop bleeding: the sterile gauze, cotton pad, first aid package stuffed, oppression in the wound, external bandages, bandages bandaged tightness to achieve hemostasis is appropriate.

Source:China Network Health Channel

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